The crop phytomass detection technology based on the Earth remote sensing data will be realized in the present project. This technique will allow to monitor the crop development dynamics, to determine the time of its ripening and the optimal time of its harvesting. The project will be realized on the basis of the geographic information system (GIS) ArcGIS 9. * (ESRI, USA). The application of GIS in agriculture allows not only to store information about farmland and its use, but also to record various changes, as well as the tendency of these changes.
The management of agricultural production, especially in risky farming regions, should be based on the principles of continuous inspectation of agrotechnical and agrochemical activities implementation, the conditions of crop development phases, yields and croppage accurate definition at different levels ( from a specific field to an administrative area of the Federal subjects of Russia). Such monitoring should be conducted during normal reproduction, as well as in unfavorable for the growth of plant conditions. The adequate monitoring of the crop to achieve practically significant results on yield prediction, drought and weedy fieldsmapping, the analysis of low productivity reasons require the collection of large amounts of data and the creation of plant development simulation models.Objective evidence on the crop condition over large areas can be obtained at the regional level only with the instrumental methods of remote control, e.g. with the remote sensing data. The use of the Earth remote sensing data allows us to monitor the crop dynamics and itscondition simultaneously on a large area (agricultural enterprise, administrative area, etc.). At the same time, to establish the correlation between the space images characteristics and the actual plants condition it is necessary to conduct test measurements of cropphytomass on the test farms fields.
To solve problems of complex analysis in agriculture the satellite images of medium and high resolution from the satellites Terra, Landsat, IRS will be used. The Terra allows to obtain information from large areas twice a day (resolution 250-1000 m), what contributes to rapid assessment of farmlands, which are fully reflected on the satellite images. The Landsat and IRS (resolution 6-30 m) allow to obtain detailed information twice a month. This information can be used to define the fields configuration, their orientation, size, direction of plowing, the fields condition at the time of shooting.
The integrated assessment technique will be implemented on the test fields of Perm Research Institute of Agriculture (PRIA) (Lobanovo village, Perm region).
The project is being implemented in accordance with the concept of the Federal target program "Preservation and agricultural land-oriented recreation and agricultural landscapes as a national treasure of Russia, 2006-2010".